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MOTHERLAND
According to DJ Weber "...keeping in mind a huge difference in time periods for Württemberg as for Baden. If you are working Württemberg, you will have a much easier time line.
- The German Empire came into existence on January 18, 1871.
- The South German Federation date was July 26, 1866.
- The Grand Duchy was formed on August 13, 1806 (however some bits and pieces of Baden were not included into the Grand Duchy until various times dating up to 1819).
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Before 1806, what do you have, Margravates, Dukedoms, Archbishoprics, Bishoprics, Counties, Lordships, Lesser Imperial States and more, a patchwork of political locations.

Pam stated, "There was no Germany. It was a lot of independent countries such as Wuerttemberg, Bavaria, Prussia, etc. Each area had their own rules and ways of doing things. Also boundary changes make things more interesting. I remember researching in the Palatinate (Pfalz, which was once part of Bavaria) and all of a sudden found all the records in French (during the French Revolution they had control over a great part of that area)."

As a hint of the various pieces of what we refer to a Baden, take a look at the map. The Key to the map offers numerous politicl land holders in the overall Baden area. The map also identifies the year in which each piece of land joined the Margravte/Country of Baden.

URLs from the Tag Lines of the messages on the B-W List and a meta-search on-line for History of Baden should give you some background of when what was what in the Baden. If you are working Baden, a quick (and far from complete) list of sites for History of Baden may be:
www.newadvent.org/cathen/02194a.htm
infoplease.com/ce6/world/A0805694.html
teleregions.org/TeleRegions/Information/History/Baden.html
freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.com/~herz/links/links_b-w.htm
1911encyclopedia.org

For locations in Germany, past and present, are the following descriptions accruate as well as the level of importance:
Detail (Address, if known or existed)
Villiage / Town / City / Area
Oberamt (Simliar to a township in the US)
Kreis (Similar to a county in the US)
State / Duchy / Kingdom
Country / Empire / Nation

Fred H Held recommends to check the Baden or Würtemberg lists of ortsippenbuchen at:
home.t-online.de/home/kunert.r/ahnenfow.htm
user.baden-online.de/~ksiefert/english.html

 

   

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Updated 04/25/03 by SAB